Women have a significant contribution to make to Canada's $108-billion agri-food sector, but they are underrepresented at the leadership level. This has a negative impact on the sector's profitability and women's ability to achieve their full potential.
- Agricultural workforce: 30% female, 70% male
- Agricultural managers: 25% female, 75% male
- Agricultural business owners: 29% female, 71% male
- National and provincial association chairs and presidents: 12% female, 88% male
Fewer women reach the leadership level, yet more women have participated in post-secondary education and leadership programs.
- Participation in managerial training: 34.6% female, 32.9% male
- Participation in Advancement in Agricultural Leadership Program: 61.5% female, 38.5% male
- Participation in 4-H programs: 60% female, 40% male
- Ag business managers/owners with university degrees: 65% female, 46% male
"There are barriers preventing women from advancing in agriculture."
- 41% of women agree
- 12% of men agree
What are the top barriers for women in agriculture?
- Balancing career and family: 16%
- Old boys' club: 16%
- Lack of role models: 13%
All three of these barriers have been witnessed or experienced by:
- 97% of women
- 3% of men
Other top barriers include:
- Lack of access to training
- Being denied the opportunity
- Facing double standards
- Lack of mentoring opportunities
- Lack of confidence to pursue more
How can the agriculture sector support women's advancement to leadership roles?
- Providing self-directed career development options
- Creating an inclusive envrionment
- Building awareness of potential career paths
100% of women cited networking as a key success factor.
Top 2 workplace policy priorities:
- Create policies that help women balance career and family responsibilities. Women devote twice as much time to childcare as men.
- Support equal pay for men and women who do the same job. Women are paid 25% less than their male counterparts.
 Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers are taken from the 2015 SAWA survey of 532 male and female owners, operators, and workers in agriculture.
 Source: Census of Agriculture. According to the 2016 Census of Agriculture, there were a total of 77,970 (28.7%) females who had an ownership stake in an agricultural business.
 Source: Rural Institute of Ontario
 Source: 4-H Canada Annual Reports, 2008 to 2015.
 Based on four regional focus groups with a total of 47 participants and 28 one-on-one interviews.
 Source: Statistics Canada. According to 2010 data, women spend more than twice the time that men do on unpaid child care.
 Source: Statistics Canada. According to 2012 data, women earn only 75% of men's earnings.